Creation: Account One
A Geocentric Presentation
Genesis 1:1-2:3

Introduction:

 
Hermeneutical Principle: In hermeneutics a text must be carefully outlined to find the flow of the argument.  Verses are not isolated units of thought but ultimately must be understood in relationship to its immediate context and then to the whole book.

Methodology

In doing this one should:

1. Identify the verses that constitute a section or unit of thought which is called its pericope.
2. Identify the techniques used by the original author to break the unit into its constituent parts.
3. Determine all the ways in which these parts interrelate.
4. Draw out of this study the purpose the original author intended when wrote the whole passage.
Application
1. It is difficult to precisely determine whether 2:4 is the last verse of the first section or the beginning of a new section. On basis of the analogy of the use of the Hebrew word toledot (generations/account) in 5:1 in which the generations of Adam are listed at the end of the section containing his story, it would seem that it should be included in the first section.  On the other hand if one looks at the use of divine names one will see that there is a shift in 2:4 from the name Elohim to the name Yahweh Elohim.  In this study the context is tentatively taken as being Genesis 1:1-2:3.
2. The pericope breaks itself down into two  sections:
a. An initial act of creation in which the world is brought into an existence that is marked by chaos.
(1) The world was pictured as originally covered with an ocean/the deep (tehom/~AhT.), which to the ancient mind was a symbol of chaos. The chaos  was magnified by the "deep" being covered with darkness (hoshek).
(2) The world's condition was characterized by the two Hebrew words tohu (formless) and bohu (void).
(3) The section lacks a time indicator. The only indicator of whether a process was underway or not is that God's spirit is presented as actively nurturing (merahephet) the world.
b. The author uses the pattern of the human seven day work week to describe how God brought light to darkness, removed the formlessness, and filled the void. The first three days gave form to the universe and the next three days filled the universe. The seventh day was the day of cessation of God's labor.
(1) The phrase "there was evening and there was morning, . . . day" repeats itself six times but is absent on the seventh day.
(2) The word good (tob) is repeated throughout the creation story until the creation of man when it is replaced with the phrase "very good" (tob meod)
The Systematic Account of Creation
Genesis 2:1-4
The Creation Event: The Action and Results

Initial Creation: {1} In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. 
Appraisement: {2} The earth was formless and void, and darkness was over the surface of the deep
Nurturing: and the Spirit of God was moving over the surface of the waters.

The Removal of TOHU
The Removal of BOHU
Day One

Fiat: {3} Then God said, "Let there be light"; 
Fulfillment: and there was light. 
Appraisement: {4} God saw that the light was good; 
Differentiation: and God separated the light from the darkness. 
Naming: {5} God called the light day, and the darkness He called night. 
Temporal Indicator: And there was evening and there was morning, one day.

Day Four

Fiat: {14} Then God said, "Let there be lights in the expanse of the heavens to separate the day from the night, and let them be for signs and for seasons and for days and years; {15} and let them be for lights in the expanse of the heavens to give light on the earth"; 
Fulfillment: and it was so. {16} God made the two great lights, the greater light to govern the day, and the lesser light to govern the night; He made the stars also. {17} God placed them in the expanse of the heavens to give light on the earth, {18} and to govern the day and the night, and to separate the light from the darkness; 
Appraisement: God saw that it was good. 
Temporal Indicator: {19} There was evening and there was morning, a fourth day.

Day Two

Fiat: {6} Then God said, "Let there be an expanse in the midst of the waters, and let it separate the waters from the waters." 
Fulfillment: {7} God made the expanse, and separated the waters which were below the expanse from the waters which were above the expanse; and it was so. 
Naming: {8} God called the expanse heaven. 
Temporal Indicator: And there was evening and there was morning, a second day.

Day Five

Fiat: {20} Then God said, "Let the waters teem with swarms of living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth in the open expanse of the heavens." 
Fulfillment: {21} God created the great sea monsters and every living creature that moves, with which the waters swarmed after their kind, and every winged bird after its kind; 
Appraisement: and God saw that it was good. 
Blessing: {22} God blessed them, saying, "Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let birds multiply on the earth." 
Temporal Indicator: {23} There was evening and there was morning, a fifth day.

Day Three (Two Part)

Fiat:{9} Then God said, "Let the waters below the heavens be gathered into one place, and let the dry land appear"; 
Fulfillment: and it was so. 
Naming: {10} God called the dry land earth, and the gathering of the waters He called seas; 
Appraisement: and God saw that it was good.



Fiat: {11} Then God said, "Let the earth sprout vegetation: plants yielding seed, and fruit trees on the earth bearing fruit after their kind with seed in them"; 
Fulfillment: and it was so. {12} The earth brought forth vegetation, plants yielding seed after their kind, and trees bearing fruit with seed in them, after their kind; 
Appraisement: and God saw that it was good. 
Temporal Indicator: {13} There was evening and there was morning, a third day.
Day Six (Two Part)

Fiat: {24} Then God said, "Let the earth bring forth living creatures after their kind: cattle and creeping things and beasts of the earth after their kind"; 
Fulfillment: and it was so. {25} God made the beasts of the earth after their kind, and the cattle after their kind, and everything that creeps on the ground after its kind; 
Appraisement: and God saw that it was good. 



Contemplative Fiat: {26} Then God said, "Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness; and let them rule over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the sky and over the cattle and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth." 
Fulfillment{27} God created man in His own image, in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them. 
Blessing: {28} God blessed them; 
Mandate: and God said to them, "Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the earth, and subdue it; and rule over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the sky and over every living thing that moves on the earth." {29} Then God said, "Behold, I have given you every plant yielding seed that is on the surface of all the earth, and every tree which has fruit yielding seed; it shall be food for you; {30} and to every beast of the earth and to every bird of the sky and to every thing that moves on the earth which has life, I have given every green plant for food"; 
Fulfillment: and it was so. 
Appraisement: {31} God saw all that He had made, and behold, it was very good. 

Temporal Indicator: And there was evening and there was morning, the sixth day.

Day Seven

{1}Thus the heavens and the earth were completed, and all their hosts. {2} By the seventh day God completed His work which He had done, and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had done. {3} Then God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because in it He rested from all His work which God had created and made. {4} This is the account of the heavens and the earth when they were created, in the day that the LORD God made earth and heaven.