JOB 36-37
Elihu's Fourth Speech
I. FURTHER DESCRIPTIONS OF GOD AND HIS WAYS


Elihu understands that we must continue to expand our definition of God and integrate attributes with attributes in order to answer the problem of evil.  Man works on too limited of a definition of God.

As in the earlier discourses Elihu sees the problem of pride as central to Job's problem.

Of all the speeches of all the speakers the theology of these chapters is closest (if not identical) to the theology of God in the speeches that are coming up.  The section that is the closest is the last.
 

The Speaker Then Elihu continued and said,
A.  An Exhortation to Listen to Perfect Understanding
How could this passage be interpreted in any way except to say that Elihu is arrogant?  
1)  If he is a prophet it is perfection because of revelation.  
2)  If he is not a prophet he could be just be using the term perfect in the sense of mature.
3)  He is not speaking of himself, but of God who is about to appear.
Wait for me a little, and I will show you 
That there is yet more to be said in God's behalf. 
I will fetch my knowledge from afar, 
And I will ascribe righteousness to my Maker. 
For truly my words are not false; 
One who is perfect in knowledge is with you.
B.  His Attributes and Actions Described
 
1)  Are the wrnings directed at Job in particular or to mankind in general?  Some things do not fit Job's current situation.
2)  Note that contrasting ideas are put side by side.
 
Behold, God is mighty but does not despise any; 
He is mighty in strength of understanding. 
He does not keep the wicked alive, 
But gives justice to the afflicted.
He does not withdraw His eyes from the righteous; 
But with kings on the throne 
He has seated them forever, and they are exalted. 
And if they are bound in fetters, 
And are caught in the cords of affliction,
Then He declares to them their work 
And their transgressions, that they have magnified themselves.
He opens their ear to instruction, 
And commands that they return from evil. 
If they hear and serve Him, 
They will end their days in prosperity 
And their years in pleasures. 
But if they do not hear, they shall perish by the sword 
And they will die without knowledge. 
But the godless in heart lay up anger; 
They do not cry for help when He binds them. 
They die in youth, 
And their life perishes among the cult prostitutes. 
He delivers the afflicted in their affliction, 
And opens their ear in time of oppression. 
Then indeed, He enticed you from the mouth of distress, 
Instead of it, a broad place with no constraint; 
And that which was set on your table was full of fatness. 
But you were full of judgment on the wicked; 
Judgment and justice take hold of you. 
Beware that wrath does not entice you to scoffing; 
And do not let the greatness of the ransom turn you aside.
Will your riches keep you from distress, 
Or all the forces of your strength?
Do not long for athe night, 
When people vanish in their place. 
Be careful, do anot turn to evil, 
For you have preferred this to affliction. 
Behold, God is exalted in His power; 
Who is a ateacher like Him?
Who has appointed Him His way,
And who has said, 
'You have done wrong '?
Remember that you should exalt His work, 
Of which men have sung. 
All men have seen it; 
Man beholds from afar. 
Behold, God is exalted, and we do not know Him; 
The number of His years is unsearchable. 
For He draws up the drops of water, 
They distill rain from the mist, 
Which the clouds pour down, 
They drip upon man abundantly. 
Can anyone understand the spreading of the clouds, 
The thundering of His pavilion?
Behold, He spreads His lightning about Him, 
And He covers the depths of the sea. 
For by these He judges peoples; 
He gives food in abundance. 
He covers His hands with the lightning, 
And commands it to strike the mark.
Its noise declares His presence; 
The cattle also, concerning what is coming up. 

II. STILL FURTHER DESCRIPTIONS OF GOD AND HIS  WAYS



 
 

A.  Elihu's Personal Reaction to What He has Just Said At this also my heart trembles, 
And leaps from its place.
B.  A Call to Listen But this Time to the Thunder of God's Voice Listen closely to the thunder of His voice, 
And the rumbling that goes out from His mouth.
Under the whole heaven He lets it loose, 
And His lightning to the ends of the earth.
After it, a voice roars; 
He thunders with His majestic voice, 
And He does not restrain the lightnings when His voice is heard.
God thunders with His voice wondrously, 
Doing great things which we cannot comprehend. 
C.  His Greater Acts For to the snow He says, 
'Fall on the earth,' 
And to the downpour and the rain, 
'Be strong.' 
He seals the hand of every man, 
That all men may know His work. 

Then the beast goes into its lair 
And remains in its den. 

Out of the south comes the storm, 
And out of the north the cold. 
From the breath of God ice is made, 
And the expanse of the waters is frozen. 
Also with moisture He loads the thick cloud;
He disperses the cloud of His lightning. 
It changes direction, turning around by His guidance, 
That it may do whatever He commands it 
On the face of the inhabited earth. 

Whether for correction, or for His world, 
Or for lovingkindness, 
He causes it to happen. 

Listen to this, O Job, 
Stand and consider the wonders of God. 

Do you know how God establishes them, 
And makes the lightning of His cloud to shine?

Do you know about the layers of the thick clouds, 
The wonders of one perfect in knowledge, 

You whose garments are hot, 
When the land is still because of the south wind? 
Can you, with Him, spread out the skies, 
Strong as a molten mirror? 
Teach us what we shall say to Him; 
We acannot arrange our case because of darkness. 

Shall it be told Him that I would speak? 
Or should a man say that he would be swallowed up? 
Now men do not see the light which is bright in the skies; 
But the wind has passed and cleared them. 
Out of the north comes golden splendor; 
Around God is awesome majesty. 
The Almighty-- awe cannot find Him; 
He is exalted in power 
And He will not do violence to justice and abundant righteousness.
Therefore men fear Him; 
He does not regard any who are wise of heart.