A Verbal Attack on the Integrity of Job and God
(A Prose Dialogue)
The First Heavenly Scene
Job 1:6-12(1)

The book is constantly pushing our ideas about theology to the limit. It poses many questions, whether implicit or explicit, that demand answers.

Job 1:6-12
Job 2:1-7
Presentation of Subjects
Now there was a day when the sons of the Elohim came to present themselves before the Yahweh, and the Satan also came among them. Again there was a day when the sons of the Elohim came to present themselves before Yahweh, and the Satan also came among them to present himself before Yahweh.
Question #1: Whereabouts
Yahweh said to the Satan, "From where do you come?" Yahweh said to the Satan, "Where have you come from?" 
Answer #1:
Being Evasive
Then the Satan answered Yahweh and said, "From roaming about on the earth and walking around on it." Then the Satan answered Yahweh and said, "From roaming about on the earth and walking around on it."
Question #2: The Righteousness of Job Divinely Declared
Yahweh said to the Satan, "Have you considered My servant Job? For there is no one like him on the earth, a blameless and upright man, fearing Elohim and turning away from evil." Yahweh said to the Satan, "Have you considered My servant Job? For there is no one like him on the earth, a blameless and upright man fearing Elohim and turning away from evil. And he still holds fast his integrity, although you incited Me against him to ruin him without cause."
Answer #2: A Satanic Accusation and Assertion 
Then the Satan answered Yahweh, "Does Job fear Elohim for nothing? Have You not made a hedge about him and his house and all that he has, on every side? You have blessed the work of his hands, and his possessions have increased in the land. But put forth Your hand now and touch all that he has; he will surely curse You to Your face." The Satan answered Yahweh and said, "Skin for skin! Yes, all that a man has he will give for his life. However, put forth Your hand now, and touch his bone and his flesh; he will curse You to Your face."
Divine Limitation of the Evil to be Done to Job
Then Yahweh said to the Satan, "Behold, all that he has is in your power, only do not put forth your hand on him." Yahweh said to the Satan, "Behold, he is in your power, only spare his life."
Departure of the Satan
So the Satan departed from the presence of Yahweh Then Satan went out from the presence of the LORD and smote Job with sore boils from the sole of his foot to the crown of his head.
        f.    Occurrences in the O.T.
         
          (1)    Genesis 6:2) that the sons of God saw that the daughters of men were beautiful; and they took wives for themselves, whomever they chose.
          (2)    (Genesis 6:4) The Nephilim were on the earth in those days, and also afterward, when the sons of God came in to the daughters of men, and they bore children to them. Those were the mighty men who were of old, men of renown.
          (3)    (Job 1:6) Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan also came among them.
          (4)    (Job 2:1) Again there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan also came among them to present himself before the LORD.
          (5)    (Job 38:7) When the morning stars sang together
                                          And all the sons of God shouted for joy?
          (6)    Hosea 1:10)Yet the number of the sons of Israel Will be like the sand of the sea, Which cannot be measured or numbered; And in the place Where it is said to them, "You are not My people," It will be said to them, "You are the sons of the living God."
      5.    Satan
Text Identity Work Object of Work Quality
Job 1:6, 7, 8, 9, 12; 2:1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7        
I Kings 5:18 (5:4) Human Enemy Political Opposition Solomon  
I Kings 11:14, 23, 25 Human Enemies Political Opposition Solomon  
I Chronicles 21:1 ? 1)God 2) Satan 3) Human Arouse to Sin David ?
Psalm 109:6 Evil Human Accuse Unjustly Wicked Man  
Zechariah 3:1, 2 Supernatural Accuse Zechariah before God  
Numbers 22:22, 32 Angel of the Lord Oppose Balaam to keep him from doing evil by cursing Israel Balaam  
I Samuel 29:4 David Fight against an enemy in a battle Philisitines  
II Samuel 19:23 (22) Sons of Zeruiah Oppose a king's decision David  
Job 41 3:4, 23; 4:9, 17; 5:17; 6:4, 8, 9; 9:13; 10:2; 11:5, 6, 7; 12:4, 6; 15:8; 16:20, 21; 19:6, 21, 26; 21:9, 19; 22:12, 26; 24:12; 27:3, 8, 10; 29:2, 4; 31:2, 6; 33:12, 26; 35:10; 36:2; 37:15, 22; 39:17; 40:2; 
Deuteronomy 2 32:15, 17
Psalms 4 18:32; 50:22; 139:19; 114:7
Proverbs 1 30:5
Daniel 4 10:38; 11:37, 38, 39
II Chronicles 1 32:15
Nehemiah 1 9:17
Isaiah  1 44:8
Habakkuk 2 1:11; 3:3
Book References
Job 31 5:17; 6:4, 14; 8:3, 5; 11:7; 13:3; 15:25; 21:15, 20; 22:3, 17, 23, 25, 26; 23:16; 24:1; 27:2, 10, 11, 13; 29:5; 31:2, 35; 32:8; 33:4; 34:10, 12, 13; 37:23; 40:2
Genesis 6 17:1; 35:11; 28:3; 43:14; 48:3; 49:25
Exodus 1 6:3
Numbers 7 1:5; 2:10; 7:30, 35; 10:18; 24:4, 16
Ruth 2 1:20, 21
Psalms 2 68:15; 91:1
Isaiah 1 13:6
Ezekiel 2 1:24; 10:5
Joel 1 1:15

 
Verse Form Subject Object Comment
1:5 Piel Perfect Job's Children God Cursing
1:10 Piel Perfect God Job's Work Bless 
1:11 Piel Imperfect Job God Curse
1:21 Pual Participle Job Name of God Bless
2:5 Piel Imperfect Job God  Curse
2:9 Piel Imperative Job God Curse
31:20 Piel Perfect Job Other Men Bless
42:12 Piel Perfect Lord Job Bless


FOOTNOTES

1. The scripture quotation of Job 1:6-12 is from the NASB (Revised 1995), but with modifications to reflect the names of God and Satan.

2. Translations try to avoid the offense of the verse by translating bene haelohim as "angels" or "heavenly beings" when it is obviously "the sons of the god(s)" in the Hebrew text. I think the best rendering, if one is going to paraphrase, is that of the N.W.T. The following chart is laid out in my order of preference:

Sons of the [true] God Sons of God Heavenly Beings Angels* Members of the Court of Heaven
NWT NNAS, NAS, BV, ASV, AV, JPS, RSV, YLT, DBY TEV, NRSV NIV, NEB
*This is based on the LXX version which rendered it as oi( a)/ggeloi tou= Qeou=/hoi aggeloi tou theou (the angels of the God), but the Jerome in the Latin Vulgate who often follows the LXX on texts which are difficult in Hebrew opts against it in favor of a reading reflecting the Hebrew-filii Dei (sons of God).