Friday (October 21, 2005)

Caveats (Warnings) and Cautions

Comment #1:   According to tradition Isaiah died at the hands of Manasseh by being cut in half with a saw.  The writer of Hebrews makes allusion to this incident in his chapter on people of faith (Heb. 11).  This is a significant story for it was an unexpected end to the life of this great prophet.  All his life he had held the status of being inviolate, nobody had dared touch him or even speak back to him.  He had stood before both evil and good kings and announced the will of Yahweh.

Questions    Read chapters the historical sections of the book (6, 7, 36-39) carefully.

a.    In each of these chapters who is the king he stood before?
b.    Who was the only one he feared?
c.    Which king dares to speak to him negatively?  What did he say?  Did he try to sound pious or something else? How did Isaiah respond to him?  Did the man do this a second time.
d.    Which king thought something very sinful after receiving but did not say it?

 Comment #2: Isaiah had one of the longest ministries of the Old Testament prophets.


a.    According to Isaiah 1:1 he preached during the reigns of which kings?
b.    From the above reading, which of these kings have stories told about them?
c.    According to chapter 6:1, Isaiah received his call to be a prophet at the time of the death of which of these kings?  In 2 Chronicles 26 this man did something and was punished for it.  What did he do?  How was he punished? According to Leviticus 13 he was in what condition?  How is this played on in the call of Isaiah?
d.    Why was Manasseh not mentioned?  Make an educated guess.
Monday (October 24, 2005)

Comment #3: Some people divide Isaiah into three sections which they attribute to different authors at different times.  (Conservative scholars do not usually hold to this view).  The sections are as follows:

First Isaiah: (Isaiah 1-39).  This person is the the historical Isaiah who live in the eighth and seventh century before Christ.

Second Isaiah: (Isaiah 40-55). This person lived at a much later time and was a spiritual disciple of first Isaiah.  He did not know him, but read him extensively and that is why they write in similar ways.  He lived at the time of the Babylonian captivity (586-539 BC).

Third Isaiah: (Isaiah 56-66).  This man lived after the return from the exile to Babylon (post 539 BC).  He lived when the Jews were allegedly slipping back into their old ways and he feared a new punishment would come like the exile.

Questions:    Read enough of each of the three sections to answer the following questions.  Obviously you should read the questions first!
a.    What is Zion/Jerusalem's ultimate destiny in each section?  Remember this is about their ultimate destiny which is something good!
b.    Where does each section of the book call God the Holy One of Israel?  Is this a normal name for God?  In chapter 6 which attributes of God did Isaiah experience?  Now, why do you think he was called the Holy One of Israel?
Wednesday (October 26, 2005)

Comment #4:    Read Isaiah 7, 9, 11, 42:1-4, 49:1-7, 52:13-53:12.  Isaiah pictured someone who was wonderful that was coming; Christians interpreted him to be Jesus.


a.    List all the ways that this person was like Jesus.
b.    Are there any descriptions of this person that cause you difficulty?  You better not answer no!  If there are and there better be then what are they?  Why do they cause you a problem?
Comment #5:   Read the questions first The read Isaiah 6 followed by 1-5.  This is a section deals with the sinfulness of the people and culminates in the call of Isaiah.  When Isaiah sees God he cries out, "I am a man of unclean lips and I live among a people of unclean lips!"  In other words he was a man of his times.  He was a sinner like everyone else.


List the sins that the people were committing.